Man. Gas Processes
Contamination Threat Modes
Residuals - Components
Sources of MGP Liquid Effluent
FMG Plants in the US
Parallel MG Technologies
Think you've found a gas works?
Locating and Confirming a Site
Locations of US Gas Plants
FMGP In The News
FMGP In The Arts
Coal-tar Site Litigation
Related sites on the Internet
Literature of Manufactured Gas
Publications by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by others
Locations of Gas Plants and Other Coal-tar Sites in the
THE STATE OF ALABAMA
In terms of industrial financial capital, Alabama was poor at the beginning
of the Civil War and emerged devastated. English money was available during the
war and was relied on up to the First World War. Northerners with money began to
show up to live and work in Birmingham in the 1890s and gas and hydroelectric
competed for the dollars. Floods early destroyed many of the electric plants and
the gas works flourished locally, on Alabama’s plentiful bituminous coal until
the 1929 arrival of natural gas from the salt domes of Louisiana.
Coal was king in Alabama and its resource sisters, iron and limestone, lead to a
thriving pig iron and iron foundry industry centered around Birmingham and
Tuscaloosa. Again, this industry never became steel-grade due to
shortfalls in investment finances, northward migration of blacks to automobile
factories of Detroit (beginning in 1922) and the Great Depression.
The author currently knows of 91 FMGPs and other coal-tar sites in the State,
including mill-site gas producers, coke works and by-products plants. One of the
nation’s last functional coke works is that of “ABC” (Alabama ByProducts
Company; In 1996, a subsidiary of Drummond Coal Co.), of Birmingham, a 1918
Federal Government byproduct coke works built to supply toluene. All in all,
Alabama is one of the few States, if not the only State in which the coal-tar
environmental threats of coke and by-product plants exceeds that of its former
manufactured gas plants.
Click the blue "EPA" link below to view the
Alabama map of the EPA 1985 Radian FMGP Report.
Click the green "Hatheway" link
below to view the
Alabama map of Professor Hatheway's research.