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Locations of Gas Plants and Other Coal-tar Sites in the U.S.

THE STATE OF ARIZONA

Introduction

According to the Arizona State Museum exhibits at the pioneer capitol building the duel gas-electric lighting fixtures were originally fed from acetylene gas. Such a fact is unlikely with the general development of acetylene gas lighting equipment in 1892, as imported from Europe, through Canada.

More likely, Arizona was brought into manufactured gas at Phoenix, in 1883, by the year-old United Gas Improvement Company (U.G.I.), of Philadelphia (Coleman, 1952, p. 47).  Within a year, U.G.I. had seen to formation of the Pacific Gas Improvement Co. of San Francisco and was content to sit behind the curtains of Western gas development and have its Lowe process carburetted water gas machines sold where possible. At its maximum development, the Arizona manufactured gas industry was limited to the authorís count of 23 MGPs, nearly all believed to be coal-gas. Until the end of World War II, Arizona was remote, largely rural, and with only sparse population.

Some of the most progressive use of gas were the producers installed by eastern mining money in the great copper camps, the most advanced being the lighting system brought to Bisbee by the omnipresent Dr. James Douglas, President of the Phelps Dodge Corporation, of New York City.

 Western Gas Company first brought westward-pumped natural gas to Arizona in 1931, serving Bisbee and Douglas, with 1933 extensions to Tucson and Phoenix. The gas supply was carried on by El Paso Natural Gas Company from the Jal, New Mexico, 340 km to El Paso, thence westward to Arizona. The Stateís hydroelectric resources, created by the Mogillon rim, brought a good supply of electricity into Phoenix by early works of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, thereby limiting the development of manufactured gas firm.

Acetylene seems to have seen modest institutional usage in the smaller ranching and mining centers, but never concentrated as single producing companies.

Click the blue "EPA" link below to view the
Arizona map of the EPA 1985 Radian FMGP Report.

Click the green "Hatheway" link below to view the
Arizona map of Professor Hatheway's research.


 

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