Man. Gas Processes
Contamination Threat Modes
Residuals - Components
Sources of MGP Liquid Effluent
FMG Plants in the US
Parallel MG Technologies
Think you've found a gas works?
Locating and Confirming a Site
Locations of US Gas Plants
FMGP In The News
FMGP In The Arts
Coal-tar Site Litigation
Related sites on the Internet
Literature of Manufactured Gas
Publications by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by others
Locations of Gas Plants and Other Coal-tar Sites in the
THE STATE OF ARIZONA
According to the Arizona State Museum exhibits at the pioneer capitol building the duel gas-electric lighting fixtures
were originally fed from acetylene gas. Such a fact is unlikely with the general
development of acetylene gas lighting equipment in 1892, as imported from
Europe, through Canada.Acetylene seems to have seen
modest institutional usage in the smaller ranching and mining centers, but never
concentrated as single producing companies.
More likely, Arizona was brought
into manufactured gas at Phoenix, in 1883, by the year-old
United Gas Improvement Company (U.G.I.), of
Philadelphia (Coleman, 1952, p. 47). Within a year, U.G.I. had seen to formation
of the Pacific Gas Improvement Co. of San Francisco and was content to sit
behind the curtains of Western gas development and have its Lowe process
carburetted water gas machines sold where possible. At its maximum development,
the Arizona manufactured gas industry was limited to the authorís count of 23
MGPs, nearly all believed to be coal-gas. Until the end of World War II, Arizona
was remote, largely rural, and with only sparse population.
Some of the most
progressive use of gas were the producers installed by eastern mining money in
the great copper camps, the most advanced being the lighting system brought to
Bisbee by the omnipresent Dr. James Douglas, President of the Phelps Dodge
Corporation, of New York City.
Western Gas Company first brought
westward-pumped natural gas to Arizona in 1931, serving Bisbee and Douglas, with
1933 extensions to Tucson and Phoenix. The gas supply was carried on by El Paso
Natural Gas Company from the Jal, New Mexico, 340 km to El Paso, thence westward
to Arizona. The Stateís hydroelectric resources, created by the Mogillon rim,
brought a good supply of electricity into Phoenix by early works of the U.S.
Bureau of Reclamation, thereby limiting the development of manufactured gas
Click the blue "EPA" link below to view the
Arizona map of the EPA 1985 Radian FMGP Report.
Click the green "Hatheway" link
below to view the
Arizona map of Professor Hatheway's research.