Man. Gas Processes
Contamination Threat Modes
Residuals - Components
Sources of MGP Liquid Effluent
FMG Plants in the US
Parallel MG Technologies
Think you've found a gas works?
Locating and Confirming a Site
Locations of US Gas Plants
FMGP In The News
FMGP In The Arts
Coal-tar Site Litigation
Related sites on the Internet
Literature of Manufactured Gas
Publications by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by others
Locations of Gas Plants and Other Coal-tar Sites in the
THE STATE OF IDAHO
Lodged as it
is high in the upper tier of American States, Idaho was broken open first for
farming and shortly thereafter by mineral exploitation. Its mountains are rugged
and its lava plan broad and dry. Coal is essentially absent from the state, as
is oil, leaving gasmen to ponder gathering pitch pine, which was available, but
far from the already sparsely populated farm towns. Finally, as elsewhere in the
American West, the few population centers were served with rail and these turned
out to be the lower-tier and agriculturally-oriented cities.
gas yet did not appear in Idaho until the turn of the 20th century and coal-gas
was favored. To date, the author has turned up commercial gas plants only at
Boise, Lewiston and Pocatello. Pocatello outshined the State’s capital, Moscow,
with its gas plant, producing (1920) some 36,000 gallons of by-product crude
tar, shipped in oak casks to the Montana Power Company adjunct tar distillery at
Butte. Since western settlers were hardly fussy about construction of their
shack before the first winter, there was a brisk business in tarred paper (“tar
paper”) for roofing and to keen the winter wind from whistling through the
lapped and shrunken wall boards. Tar paper was produced for the northwest
regional trade by the gas plant at Butte, Montana.
holding companies appeared on the scene about 1910, here in the form of the
Pacific Power & Light Company of Portland, Oregon, which jostled for position
with the H.M. Byllesby organization of Chicago, operating regionally as the
Northwest Cities Gas Company. Eventually Byllesby died (1926) and his empire was
consumed in transfers even before the advent of the Great Depression (1929).
Also contending and winning in 1912 at Boise, was the American Public Utility
Company of Grand Rapids, fronted as Kelsey, Brewer & Company.
All in all,
the author’s personal tally of gas plants in Idaho rests at only eight. Idaho
small town hotels, such as at Aberdeen and Arco, sported gasoline-gas lights in
public places and kerosene in the rooms. These towns did not see formal lighting
systems until the 1920s and then electricity by long-distance transmission from
hydroelectric stations. The second gas plant at Pocatello was the Pintsch works
for railway lighting, suffering damage in its own fire of 1912.
mines, mills and smelters of the old Mullin Road, stretching from Fort Benton
(MT) to Fort Walla Walla (WA) are all suspect for having had gas producers, the
workhorse fuel of mineral extraction from 1890 through 1930. The Uinta Basin
(Utah) pipeline that successfully supplied the Wasatch Front cities by 1934 had
Click the blue "EPA" link below to view the
Idaho map of the EPA 1985 Radian FMGP Report.
Click the green "Hatheway" link
below to view the
Idaho map of Professor Hatheway's research.