Man. Gas Processes
Contamination Threat Modes
Residuals - Components
Sources of MGP Liquid Effluent
FMG Plants in the US
Parallel MG Technologies
Think you've found a gas works?
Locating and Confirming a Site
Locations of US Gas Plants
FMGP In The News
FMGP In The Arts
Coal-tar Site Litigation
Related sites on the Internet
Literature of Manufactured Gas
Publications by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by Dr. Hatheway
Slide Shows by others
Locations of Gas Plants and Other Coal-tar Sites in the
THE STATE OF INDIANA
Hoosier State was slow to start its affinity with manufactured gas, beginning
with Indianapolis in 1852. Its more rugged topography placed it behind Illinois
in development of coal-gas plants. Even though coal was readily available, its
rail net was not. Several Indiana industrial cities, rimming Lake Michigan also
came about after the turn of the 20th century, on the plan of Gary, built to
make steel and, in so doing, consume gas and coke. Indiana’s Glass Belt came
into being almost coincidentally with the discovery of natural gas, about 1887.
Following the Ball Brothers 1887 example, but lagging to about 1895, glass
manufacturers flocked to Indiana to take advantage of both resources. Glass, in
fact, due to the Indiana experience, became a major American industry and it
thrived on gas. Hence, the 110 glass factories existing in 1895, as Indiana
became Number Two in American production, are prime suspects as coal-tar sites
for supporting their own water-gas producers and related tar residuals.
natural gas was fickle and over-rated in reliability of supply and many of the
towns that came to support its use were disappointed. In 1896 the State Gas
Inspector observed significant drops in natural gas well-head pressures and
predicted an eventual decline toward exhaustion. Nearly as the glass plants were
built so did the natural gas supply flag.
interruption problems played to the marketing of the manufactured gas plants and
between 1905 and 1910 another surge of town gas plants were built, nearly all
employing Lowe’s carburetted water gas process, strongly marketed by the United
Gas Improvement Company (U.G.I.), of Philadelphia. Another round of failures of
local natural gas fields began and continued through the early 1920s, resulting
in the installation of more new manufactured gas plants in the State.
supplies of natural gas were not introduced until 1931 , when Henry L. Doherty
arrived with his 1370-km Missouri-Kansas Pipeline Company, picking up Panhandle
gas at Liberal Kansas. Shortly later the operation became known as the Panhandle
Eastern Pipeline. The Indiana terminus was at Rockville, for ties to
intermediate distribution systems owned by Columbia Gas & Electric Corporation.
Click the blue "EPA" link below to view the
Indiana map of the EPA 1985 Radian FMGP Report.
Click the green "Hatheway" link
below to view the
Indiana map of Professor Hatheway's research.