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Locations of Gas Plants and Other Coal-tar Sites in the U.S.

THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND

Introduction

            The smallest of American States, Rhode Island holds some interesting gas-manufacturing facts. Site of America’s first formal experiment with manufactured gas (David Melville at Newport, 1810), the small size and rail-constricting bedrock topography led to development of relatively few gas plants, with only 22 FMGPs currently identified by the author. There was an early embracing of carburetted water gas and the Lowe processes were sold efficiently to the companies, mainly by its industrial sponsor, U.G.I.  Dual production, via coal-gas and “water” gas developed to be norm for larger plants and a conversion to water gas for all other plants by about 1900. The modest transmission distances led to centralized station production but the trend began to falter in 1913 due to the rising costs of gas oil. Providence Gas Company installed vertical retorts on their appearance, about 1912, on the advantage of continuous gas production and reduction of smoke.

Click the blue "EPA" link below to view the
 Rhode Island map of the EPA 1985 Radian FMGP Report.

Click the green "Hatheway" link below to view the
 Rhode Island map of Professor Hatheway's research.

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